Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, dit Molière, is a French actor and playwright, baptized on January 15, 1622 [...]
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, dit Molière, is a French actor and playwright, baptized on January 15, 1622 in Paris, where he died on February 17, 1673.
Coming from a family of Parisian merchants, he joined at the age of 21 with a dozen comrades, including the actress Madeleine Béjart, to form the troupe of the Illustrious Theater which, despite the collaboration of renowned playwrights, did not succeed to win in Paris. For thirteen years, Molière and his friends Béjart roam the southern provinces of the kingdom in an itinerant troop maintained by several successive protectors. During this period, Molière composed some farces or small comedies and his first two large comedies. Returning to Paris in 1658, he quickly became, at the head of his troop, the actor and favorite author of the young Louis XIV and his court, for whom he designed numerous shows, in collaboration with the best scenic architects, choreographers and musicians of the time. He died at the age of 51, a few hours after having for the fourth time held the title role of The Imaginary .