Antoine Laurent Lavoisier(1743-1794) was a French chemist, philosopher and economist, widely conside [...]
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier(1743-1794) was a French chemist, philosopher and economist, widely considered the "father of modern chemistry" in popular literature. He introduced the scientific method to the field of chemistry.
Lavoisier is most noted for his discovery of the role oxygen plays in combustion. He recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), and opposed the phlogiston theory. He helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature. He predicted the existence of silicon (1787) and was also the first to establish that sulfur was an element (1777) rather than a compound. He discovered that, although matter may change its form or shape, its mass always remains the same.
At the height of the French Revolution, he was charged with tax fraud and selling adulterated tobacco, and was guillotined.
Painting by Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825), French painter.
- European science
- White couple